The study of the way of brain functions often by electrophysiological or molecular biological tools. This is the subspecialty of both the physiology and neuroscience as different regions of brain constitute signals to different parts of the body. This topic could give a detailed description of the revolutionized anatomy of the nervous system, the motor response control system, thought processing and memory management system. Discussions can also be made in neuromuscular physiology, neural mechanisms of higher nervous activity and contemporary problems of neuroscience can also be conferred. It features board investigations in the neuropathology and interdisciplinary departments of Neuro-ophthalmology, Neuro-otology.